RHAMNACEAE, Buckthorn  Family

Shrubs and small trees; leaves simple, alternate or rarely opposite, with stipules; monoecious or sometimes dioecious; flowers bisporangiate or monosporangiale, perigynous or slightly epigynous; stamens and petals attached to disk lining floral cup; sepals and stamens 5 or 4; petals 5 or 4 or none; carpels usually 3 or 4, united, locules as many; ovules 1 in each carpel.