VALERIANACEAE, Valerian Family

Herbs; leaves opposite; flowers small, clustered, epigynous, bisporangiate or monosporangiate; calyx minute or expanding late and appearing pappuslike on the fruit; corolla tubular or funnelform, not quite regular, 5-lobed; stamens usually 3 (1-5), on corona tube; carpels 3, united; style 1; stigma 1 or 2-3-branched; ovary 3-loculed, one locule containing 1 ovule, the other 2 empty or failing to develop; fruit indehiscent, dry.